When your blood sugar is high, you don't want to mess around and just wait for it to go down on its own. High blood sugar can be a catalyst for many other health issues, and you may be experiencing some symptoms that make it difficult to do even simple tasks. You need to know how to bring blood sugar down fast if over 250.
Unregulated blood glucose can lead to nerve damage, which can cause you to need to get a leg or foot amputated. It can also lead to eye diseases, including blindness.
While these are some of the worst-case scenarios, they highlight the importance of maintaining your blood sugar levels when you have diabetes.
Why Is Your Blood Sugar High?
The first key to bringing down your blood sugar is knowing why it's high in the first place. It's likely you already know you have diabetes, but what did you do recently to increase your glucose levels?
It could be something you ate, how much you ate, or even a lack of physical activity for the day. It could be that you are feeling extreme stress, that you are ill, or that your diabetes medications are no longer working properly (or maybe you forgot to take it).
Once you've pinpointed the issue, you can work at rectifying it. If you didn't exercise today, you may want to work in a quick cardio workout. If you forgot your pill, you need to take it.
Symptoms of High Blood Sugar
Before you realize your blood sugar is high, you'll start noticing symptoms. You may only experience one of them, or you might have them all. These can include:
You might even notice a fruity smell on your breath. This is a common sign of high blood sugar in many people.
How to Bring Blood Sugar Down Fast if Over 250
Once you've noticed the symptoms of high blood glucose and tested yourself to make sure that this is the case, there are some things you can try that may help bring your level down fast. Make sure that you test your blood sugar, in whatever way you normally do, so you can be sure that your rate is above 250.
1. Take Your Medication
If you forgot to take your medicine, that would be the first step to take. Even if you take an over-the-counter medication to help control your blood sugar levels, taking it daily at the right time is important.
Test yourself again after your medication has had some time to do its job. If your blood sugar remains high after this, you can continue trying some of these other tips. If it wasn't a missed pill, you'll want to try something different anyway (never take more than your prescribed amount).
2. Administer Insulin
Administering insulin, if you have a prescription, is the fastest way to bring down your glucose level. You can check your level again in about 30 minutes after the shot to make sure it came down.
3. Drink Some Water
Drinking a good amount of water quickly can help dilute your blood sugar. This will make you urinate a lot, which pushes that overabundance of glucose out of the body.
Do not try this trick if you have underlying health issues, such as heart or kidney problems. Pay attention to how much water you're taking in and stop when you feel like you've had enough. Surprisingly, you can drink too much water.
4. Eat Something
Protein is known to stabilize blood sugar, which is why it's an important part of the diabetic diet. If your glucose level is high, snack on some protein. Pick something that doesn't have much sugar in it though.
You could try a piece of jerky if you have some around. If you're not a meat eater, there are plenty of meat-free protein alternatives. Eat a handful of almonds instead. It can be beneficial to carry some of these snacks with you at all times.
Here are some other foods that will help lower your blood sugar at a faster rate, both because of protein and fiber (as fiber can also help decrease your glucose levels) –
5. Get up and Move
Physical activity is another great way to lower glucose levels fast. All you need to do is increase your heart rate. You want to increase your heart rate for a minimum of 15 minutes for the best results. You can go for a brisk jog or a run (outdoors or on a treadmill, if you have one), dance to some music, or do some jumping jacks.
The increased sensitivity to insulin that is caused by exercise allows your cells to absorb more glucose. This lowers how much is in your bloodstream. That's why people with diabetes need to have a regular exercise routine for optimal health.
Be sure to check where your blood sugar level is at after your quick workout to make sure it has in fact dropped.
Note: If you have type 1 diabetes, disregard this tip. Those with this type of diabetes should not be exercising without the direct advice of their doctor.
Other Things to Consider for High Blood Sugar
If you feel like you're continually looking for ways to bring down your blood sugar, you may have an issue. Have you been to your doctor to talk about your A1C levels? These level averages can help your doctor determine if the treatment plan you are on for your diabetes is actually working.
You may be in need of a different prescription, a different strength of medicine, or the addition of insulin. Your doctor may determine that you're not following a strict enough diet or that you're not exercising enough.
One easy thing that can help you keep track of your diet and your fitness is to keep a diabetes wellness journal. In this journal (which can be as simple as a spiral notebook), track the following –
This journal is something that you can take with you to the doctor to help them see what you are doing and what you aren't doing when it comes to your health. It may help pinpoint the exact reason why you continue to have high blood glucose readings as well.
You also want to consider foods that may be increasing your blood glucose. One of the biggest culprits of high blood sugar is the carbohydrate. Carbohydrates turn into glucose when your body breaks them down. Your body still needs carbs to give it energy, but you want to be smart about the carbs that you're eating.
Avoid carbohydrates that are lacking in other nutrients, such as:
When you're eating these foods, you're just filling yourself with empty calories. There are plenty of food items you can replace them with that will give you the carbs you need for energy without the increase in glucose.
Final Advice on How to Bring Blood Sugar Down Fast if Over 250
You need to know how to bring blood sugar down fast if over 250 – you're risking your health and increasing your risk of other diabetes-related illnesses if your level is that high.
It's important that you work to stay on top of your diabetes and your glucose levels. Use these tips and make sure your doctor is aware of your spiking levels, and you can get your health under control again.