There are two types of Diabetes: one which is preventable, and one which is not. In this post, we’ll look at how to prevent Diabetes Type 2.
What Are the Differences Between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes?
If you have type 1 diabetes, your body is unable to produce insulin. If you have type 2 diabetes, your body does not interact with insulin as well as it should. As the disease progresses, your body will no longer be able to produce insulin at all.
Insulin is a hormone that your body creates to regulate the amount of glucose that the cells in your body take in. High blood sugar (hyperglycemia) and low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) levels are both dangerous, and insulin keeps your sugar levels balanced.
Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes are serious conditions that need to be treated appropriately. Type 1 often presents itself in children and young adults, but type 2 diabetes is preventable.
What Are the Symptoms of Diabetes?
Both types of diabetes have symptoms in common, including:
Specific Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes
The symptoms of type 2 diabetes often become apparent after sugar levels have been too high for quite some time.
What Is Prediabetes and How Is It Treated?
Many people become aware of the different types of diabetes after being diagnosed with prediabetes. This is a condition where your blood sugar levels are quite high but are not high enough to receive a diagnosis of diabetes.
You can think of prediabetes as a warning sign. If you don’t make the necessary changes to your lifestyle and eating habits, you may develop diabetes. At this stage, you may have experienced many, if not all, of the symptoms we mentioned earlier.
What Causes Diabetes Type 2?
In most cases, diabetes is caused by a combination of factors rather than just one. Your genes play a significant part in the development of diabetes and other conditions.
Carrying extra weight can cause insulin resistance, particularly if you carry that extra weight around your middle. Your metabolic rate is a factor and can also contribute to high cholesterol and high blood pressure.
Liver problems can cause diabetes. Your blood sugar levels naturally rise when you eat, and your liver slows down to store glucose for later, rather than send it back out into the body immediately. If your liver isn’t working properly, it may continue to send out sugar instead of holding it.
Your body’s beta cells are found in your pancreas, and this is where insulin is created. If these cells aren’t working properly, signals between them may not be communicated correctly. That means they could send out the wrong amount of insulin and affect your blood sugar levels.
How to Prevent Diabetes Type 2
Although dietary and lifestyle changes can be made to stop you from developing diabetes, there are some risk factors you cannot do anything about.
For example, if there’s a history of diabetes in your family or if your condition is age- or injury-related. However, the risk factors that you can do something about can be a huge factor in whether you develop diabetes or not.
Weight Loss to Prevent Diabetes
Contrary to popular belief, being overweight does not necessarily mean you will develop diabetes. However, eating well, exercising regularly and losing weight if you are carrying too much, will reduce your blood sugar levels and can help to prevent diabetes.
Avoid the temptation to begin a diet to lose weight quickly. Instead, commit to a lifestyle change. A diet may help you to lose weight initially, but this kind of eating is not sustainable and often leads to further weight gain once you stop.
Exercise to Prevent Diabetes 2
The current exercise recommendations are that you spend 30 minutes a day, five days a week, indulging in an activity that increases your heart rate. However, if you’ve not exercised before, we recommend you start at 5 minutes per day and work your way up to 30 minutes.
Exercising can be as simple as going for a walk, dancing around the room, or even vacuuming the floor. The important thing is that you move.
Drink More Water, Coffee and Tea
Drinking water is one of the healthiest things you can do for yourself and your body. Water detoxifies your system and keeps you feeling full, reducing the risk of overeating.
Although water should be your primary drink, coffee and tea can also reduce your risk of developing diabetes. Green tea contains a compound called epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), which is known to increase insulin sensitivity.
Give Up Smoking and Other Harmful Habits
Smoking is never good for you, but if you’re prediabetic, you’re increasing your risk of developing type 2 diabetes by continuing with the habit. It’s important to note that this applies to second-hand smoke as well.
Increase Your Vitamin D and Herb Intake
Vitamin D can be found in foods such as fatty fish, cheese, and egg yolks. You can also increase your vitamin D intake by getting out into the sun. Going for a walk will help with this and give you a chance to exercise at the same time.
Curcumin, which is often used in curries, has strong anti-inflammatory properties and has been used in traditional Indian medicine for centuries. It is known to decrease insulin resistance and reduces the risk of diabetes progressing further.
Berberine is a compound that can be found in many traditional Chinese herbs. It is known for its ability to lower blood sugar levels and also has anti-inflammatory properties.
The above suggestions offer good advice about how to prevent diabetes, but they will also have a positive effect on other areas of your life. Following a well-balanced, healthy diet and lifestyle will increase your mental, physical, and emotional health.
How Is Diabetes 2 Diagnosed and What Is the Treatment?
Both types of diabetes can be diagnosed by a simple blood test which will show how high your blood sugar levels are. In some cases, you may need two blood tests to confirm the diagnosis.
Your doctor will help you to formulate a treatment plan, and due to complications that can arise from diabetes, they may refer you to other specialists.
You will need to keep a close eye on your sugar levels to ensure they do not go too high or low. This can be done with a regular finger test, and you may need to inject yourself with insulin regularly. Other medications such as Metformin may be prescribed to you.
Diabetes is not inevitable as you age. There are many ways you can prevent it from developing. Even if your family has a history of developing diabetes, it does not mean you have to.
If you are concerned that you are experiencing symptoms of diabetes, you should consult your medical professional as soon as possible to receive the best possible advice.
Early detection is essential in stopping the disease from progressing further and causing other side effects.