If you’re feeling sluggish of late, have a bigger appetite than you used to, don’t exercise much, and eat a lot of sugar, it’s quite possible that you are on your way to diabetes. 

You may need to visit a doctor to have your blood sugar tested through a random plasma glucose test to find out if your symptoms are signs of a significant problem, or possibly just a lingering virus.

What is a Random Plasma Glucose Test?

A random plasma glucose test is simply a glucose blood test taken at a doctor’s office, or laboratory, to test for appropriate blood sugar levels. The test is usually conducted through pricking the finger and drawing a drop of blood. The blood is then put onto a test strip and run through a blood sugar analysis machine.

Those with diabetes, prediabetes, and other blood sugar related conditions should have a device at home for conducting their own glucose blood tests throughout the day, as needed, to ensure healthy habits are helping control and maintain proper blood sugar levels.

What does a Random Plasma Glucose Test Look For?

A random plasma glucose test is looking for blood sugar levels that are out of balance with the normal blood sugar levels of an individual.

What is Normal Blood Sugar?

Normal blood sugar levels vary from person to person, based upon age, and time of day. Basic figures for keeping blood sugar levels in check look like:

Adults 20 Years and Older Without Diabetes

  • Fasting –70-99
  • Two Hours After Eating –less than 140
  • Ab1c –Less than 5.7 percent

Adults 20 Years and Older With Prediabetes

  • Fasting –100 to 125
  • Two Hours After Eating –140 to 179
  • Ab1c—5.7 to 6.4 percent

Adults 20 Years and Older With Diabetes

  • Fasting –less than 100
  • Two Hours After Eating –Less than 180
  • Ab1c –Less than 7 percent

If your numbers do not match these ranges, you should immediately call your doctor. Or, go to the hospital or an urgent care center if your doctor’s office is closed.

Could You Have Prediabetes?

Many people are confused about what exactly prediabetes is. It is not a sentence to diabetes, but is, instead, a signal that you need to turn things around before developing full-fledged diabetes.

Someone with prediabetes has a less effective pancreas for producing the hormone called insulin. Insulin helps the body regulate the anabolic processes within metabolism to burn sugar as energy as it should. 

Someone with diabetes has already lost the ability to create insulin or process it properly. Someone with prediabetes may be able to change dietary and exercise habits and correct the issue.

If you think you may be headed to diabetes, look for these prediabetes symptoms. If you have a number of them, contact your doctor and ask to take a random plasma glucose test to find out if your levels are out of balance.

  • Extreme fatigue
  • Insomnia
  • Excessive urination
  • Excessive thirst
  • Blurred vision

If You Believe You Have Prediabetes

If you’re on your way to diabetes, now is the time to make some habit changes. There are three factors that will greatly decrease your risk for developing diabetes diagnoses.

1. Exercise

The body needs certain levels of movement and high exertion exercise weekly. You should engage in 30 minutes or more per day of moderate exercise. Aerobic exercise is great for this. Things like swimming, brisk walking, jogging, or bicycling can make all the difference your body needs. 

If you’re not currently active, be sure to connect with your doctor on your planned exercise changes.

2. Nutrition

Just like with everything else, nutrition is critical. Clear thinking, healthy bodies, and mood are all effected by nutrition. 

Your prediabetic state may actually be turned around by eating healthier foods. Limit your calories, avoid processed sugars, and starchy carbs, and eat in moderation. Your portion sizes should meet your actual body’s nutritional needs. 

You can find out the number of calories you should consume from a dietician, personal trainer, or other professional with training in nutrition. 

Specific things to work on include:

  • Increasing your fiber intake
  • Decreasing your carbohydrate consumption
  • Stay hydrated and increase your water drinking daily
  • Go for foods that are low on the glycemic index
  • Consume chromium and magnesium

3. Weight Control

Weight control, of course, is heavily affected by nutrition and exercise. Even losing a small percentage of your excess weight will decrease the likelihood that your prediabetes will become diabetes. 

Get Tested, and Change Your Lifestyle

If any of the above symptoms or problems ring a bell, you should probably get to a doctor or laboratory for a blood sugar test to find out if you have prediabetes. 

It’s better to catch it now, early enough to make some changes, then later, when it’s likely too late.

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